For the first time in my 40-year career as an artist, I put down my paintbrush and picked up a hammer and spike.

I have created a series titled ENOUGH which portrays mass shootings in the United States.

Following a grid format, each work consists of holes hammered through paper.

One ragged hole for each gunshot death as if shot by a bullet.

The black paper for each work measures 12 inches wide to acknowledge that each of these tragedies is equal in impact even if the death toll varies from shooting to shooting. 

The height varies to address the number killed. 

The composition is determined by the sequence of the shooting.

The colors selected to represent the victims are significant and were chosen for their connection to the location as well as to the victim.

Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting uses primary colors (red for girls, blue for boys, and yellow for adults).

The school colors represent Virginia Tech.

The rainbow choice of colors for the Pulse Night Club are symbolic of the LGBTQ movement.


The United States has had more mass shootings than any other country. The FBI identifies a mass shooting as "four or more murdered during an event with no "cooling-off period" between the murders."

This series portrays 40 dating back to "Walk of Death" in 1949.

13 were in businesses
9 in schools
5 in churches
3 in clubs
4 in restaurants
5 were private homes
1 highway

The intent is to make visual the hard, cold facts and prompt the viewer to reflect on the real loss of life.

The entire series
will be exhibited

at the
Cotuit Center for the Arts, Cotuit, MA from
May 9 to June 14, 2020
Reception: Sat. May 9, 5-7

and at the
Cape Cod Museum of Art,
Dennis, MA from
August 28 to October 4, 2020
Reception: Fri. Sept 11, 4-7

Home Page

441 Central Ave
East Falmouth, MA 02536

SunTrust Bank, Sebring, Florida, Wednesday January 23, 2019
paper, 6 x 12 inches, 2019


Sandy Hook Elementary School, Newtown, Connecticut, Friday December 14, 2012
paper, 15 x 12 inches, 2019

Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, Monday April 16, 2007
paper, 16 x 12 inches, 2019

Pulse Nightclub, Orlando, Florida, Sunday June 12, 2016
paper, 20 x 12 inches, 2019